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Florida is running out of doctors: Third of physicians are over 60, one in 10 to retire in the next five years


Florida – The Florida Senate’s ‘Live Healthy’ initiative is considering a novel approach to tackle the state’s looming physician shortage. By creating an alternative licensure pathway for foreign-trained physicians, this initiative aims to bolster the healthcare workforce, which is struggling to keep pace with Florida’s growing and aging population.

Challenges in Florida’s Healthcare Workforce

An analysis by Florida TaxWatch, a nonprofit research institute, has highlighted a significant challenge: a large proportion of Florida’s physicians are nearing retirement. Nearly 34 percent of doctors in the state are over 60 years old, and about one in ten plan to retire within the next five years. This impending exodus of experienced medical professionals is occurring amidst an increasing demand for healthcare services, driven by an aging population.

Proposed Solutions for Foreign-Trained Physicians

To mitigate this issue, proposed legislation in both chambers of the Legislature focuses on easing the entry of foreign-trained physicians into the Florida healthcare system. Currently, to obtain an unrestricted license in Florida, a physician trained outside the U.S. must complete a one-year residency, even if they have prior medical practice experience in another country. The proposed changes would waive this residency requirement for those who meet specific criteria:

  • Possess a medical license from another country.
  • Have practiced medicine in the four years preceding their application for a Florida license.
  • Have completed a residency or postgraduate medical training outside of the U.S.
  • Have secured full-time employment offers to work as physicians with a Florida healthcare provider.

Further, the Senate version of the bill (SB 7016) includes an amendment allowing physicians who have taught medicine outside the U.S. for three years to qualify for this pathway.

Debate and Concerns

The proposal, however, is not without its controversies. Palm Beach Democratic Rep. Kelly Skidmore expressed reservations about waiving the residency requirement. During a meeting of the Select Committee on Health Innovation, she raised concerns about potential adverse outcomes, highlighting the need for careful consideration and possibly more data to support the decision.

Moreover, representatives from foreign medical schools have expressed concerns regarding certain provisions of the bills. The Senate version prioritizes Florida medical students for clinical hours in hospitals, while the House version (HB 1549) prohibits hospitals from receiving payments from medical schools for clinical hours. Bob Harris, representing Adtalem Global Education and R3 Education, argued that these provisions could inadvertently discourage medical students from coming to Florida for clinical and residency programs, counteracting the intended goals of the initiative.

Harris emphasizes that while students often come to Florida for clinicals and residencies and end up staying, the proposed provisions might redirect them to other states like New York and California. He asserts that this could undermine the very objective of the ‘Live Healthy’ bills, which is to encourage medical students to remain in Florida.

The Road Ahead

The ‘Live Healthy’ initiative represents a crucial step in addressing Florida’s healthcare workforce challenges. The legislative proposals and ongoing debates reflect a comprehensive effort to ensure that Florida’s growing and aging population has access to adequate medical care. As the state navigates these changes, the balance between maintaining high medical standards and expanding the physician workforce remains a key focus.

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